The construction of Egyptian pyramids, Roman aqueducts and medieval cathedrals are examples of masonry. The word “masonry” is used frequently, but it's not always fully understood. A masonry structure includes anything built by fusing materials together with the aid of mortar. Mortar is a cement paste that, when dried, holds together a structure made of bricks, concrete, stone, marble and other materials.
Masonry materials can be artificial or of natural origin. Knowing your options can help you make the best decision for your next masonry project. Here we explain the different types of masonry work and provide answers on each one. For the construction of masonry, a variety of materials can be used combined with mortars of varying strength.
Some of the most common materials used are brick, stones, concrete, sheet metal, gabion, etc. Egyptian pyramids are perhaps the most emblematic and impressive examples of historic masonry in the world. Its construction began more than 2,500 years ago. The Egyptians used copper tools to cut and stack large pieces of limestone. They also used granite to create stable roof structures and to line the walls of the burial chambers inside the pyramids.
These materials were readily available in the quarries of the hills along the Nile River...