Some examples of masonry projects include walkways, walls, arches, beams, and chimneys. Masonry can make the structure of buildings safe and durable, but it's important that masonry projects be done on solid, stable ground to ensure that materials remain intact and free from cracks or damage. The word “masonry” is often used, but it's not always fully understood. A masonry structure includes anything built by fusing materials together with the help of of mortar.
Mortar is a form of cement paste, when dried it holds together a structure made of bricks, concrete, stone, marble and other materials. Masonry materials can be artificial or of natural origin. Knowing your options can help you make the best decision for your next masonry project. Here we explain the different types of masonry work and provide answers on each one.
Masonry is one of the oldest construction crafts in the world. The construction of Egyptian pyramids, Roman aqueducts and medieval cathedrals are all examples of masonry. The first structures used the weight of the masonry itself to stabilize the structure against lateral movements. The types and techniques of masonry used evolved with architectural needs and cultural norms.
Since the mid-20th century, masonry has often featured steel-reinforced elements to help withstand the tensile force present in modern systems of thin, light and tall buildings. For masonry construction, a variety of materials can be used combined with mortars of varying strength. Some of the most common materials used are brick, stone, concrete, sheet metal, gabion, etc.